Palenque - ancient Maya city located at an altitude of 3000 meters above sea level. Palenque ruins are considered one of the most important Mayan monuments, and its location in the jungle adds to its mystery and charm.

Sometimes you can even hear the expression "Palenque - the pearl of the jungle." Many tourists come here to the most complex to the opening 8 in the morning to catch the moment when the old buildings and the surrounding jungle covered in mist, giving the whole mystical atmosphere. Due to the jungle, passing by the conqueror Hernán Cortés in Mexico, I did not see the city and perhaps because of this, the city has not been destroyed. One of the main features of Palenque, due to its distance from the tourist spots, is that it does not become a place of pilgrimage for tourists, and has kept a mysterious and tranquil atmosphere.

The first inhabitants appeared in 100 BC. e., but the peak of the city flourished in the period 600 to 800 AD. e. In the ancient city there are many buildings which have both social and religious significance: Pyramid (or temple) Inscriptions, Palace, Temple of the Sun, Temple of the Count, the Temple of Skulls, Temple of the Cross, the Temple of the Cross flourishes, a golf ball. All of them were built under the patronage of the rulers of Palenque. The most outstanding ruler Pacal considered, who ascended the throne at age 12, after Zack Cook his mother's death. Pacal announced Zack Cook parent of three Mayan gods, thus giving the status of the monarch the Son of God. Pakal's reign lasted from 615 AD. e. and was completed in 683 AD. e. After his death, Pacal was buried in a stone sarcophagus under the pyramid, which is often called the Temple of the Inscriptions. Pakal sarcophagus was opened only in 1952, Mexican archaeologist Alberto Ruso. ruler's body was adorned with jade ornaments, and as was the jade mask on his face. In the history of Palenque, it was ruled by 12 kings, who served as rulers, priests, and commanders. But the most significant trace left Pacal and his children in the city's history. Residents for unknown reasons left the Palenque at the end of the IX century.

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The circuit arrangement of the sarcophagus of Pakal in the Temple of the Inscriptions.

At the same time, Palenque is considered perhaps the most enigmatic Mayan city. At the present time the excavations are completed only a little more than 30 of the 500 identified facilities. Cause base controversy and the foundation of Indian buildings. Stones, which are made of a base, subjected to processing tools, which the Maya had no theory. According to one version, these stones were left from the previous civilizations unknown or have been made by aliens from outer space, and the Mayans only then began to build them their own facilities, which do not have such characteristics as a base. For more than 6 decades of tense debate on the plate that covered the sarcophagus of Pakal. Who is depicted on it, he Pacal, and may an alien from outer space? In 1968 he published a book of Erich von Däniken "Chariots of the Gods?". In his book, the author argues that the image on the plate "is a replica of" astronaut sitting at a control panel spaceship, keep one foot on the pedal and staring at the instruments placed in front of him. From the tail of the ship is visible exhaust emissions. Later, some scholars have refuted this theory, citing various reasons.

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The images on the cover covering the sarcophagus of Pacal

To date, closed to visit the most famous building in the Palenque Temple of Inscriptions. According to official figures, for the greater safety of the temple, and on the approval, again some scientists temple is closed due to the fact that there is something that not everyone needs to see.
In 1981, the Mexican government gave the Palenque National Park status, and in 1987 he was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

How to reach the archaeological complex of Palenque
Palenque Archaeological Park is 7 km away. from the town of Santo Domingo de Palenque, in fact in whose honor and named the ancient city, as his real name was lost. To get to the ancient town of Palenque cheapest local minibuses (colectivos), which run every 10-15 minutes.
Santo Domingo de Palenque
Santo Domingo de Palenque - a small provincial town, with its rhythm of life. If not for the ancient Palenque, it is likely that the Santo Domingo de Palenque was deaf to the Mexican province. I was a city made a good impression. The main thing you like this place is a central area, where the evenings are going to residents of all ages. On the collapse of trade is trade in food, clothes and souvenirs. On the dance floor and a band plays dancing people. It reminded me of Russian discos 70th's, only with Mexican flair.

How to get to Palenque

In the small town of Santo Domingo de Palenque does not have its airport, this get here by car or bus from other cities in Mexico.
From Cancun and Playa del Carmen goes ADO night bus, the journey takes 12-13 hours, cost about $ 60.
From Villaermozy bus can be reached in 2.5 hours
From San Cristobal de las Casas and Campeche 5hours
From Merida 10:00
From Mexico City 16 hours

If you take into account the way from Moscow, you will need to fly to Cancun flight time of 13 hours, and then the bus to Palenque another 13 hours. Another option is to fly to Mexico City, from where domestic flights to Villaermozy or bus to Palenque.

Palenque hotels

Problems with housing in Palenque will not be there for hostels and hotels in different price categories. For about $ 15 you can get a room for two in that not every tourist lodge. For $ 150, you can live in a nice hotel with a swimming pool. Some hotels are located in 5-10 minutes walk from the bus stop where the intercity buses arrive. Palenque search for hotels

Palenque travel photos

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In the background is the palace and the tower observatory.

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Stairway to the palace.

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Temple of the Inscriptions most famous and tallest building in Palenque. Its height is 23 meters, are 69 steep steps to the top.

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Temple of Inscriptions has eight tier structure. The temple has been carefully studied in 1952, then it was found the sarcophagus of Pakal.

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Sun Temple.

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Sellers of souvenirs in Palenque.

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 Santo Domingo de Palenque

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Street in Santo Domingo de Palenque.

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Santo Domingo de Palenque

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Santo Domingo de Palenque

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Cafe Santo Domingo de Palenque can be expensive to eat and drink local beer.

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Visitors to the cafe.

 
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