Teotihuacan (AST Teōtīhuacān -. A city where men become gods) - the ancient Indian city located at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level, about 50 km. north-east of Mexico City, in the municipality of San Juan Teotihuacan.

Age of Teotihuacan, has about 2000 years, the city of origin is still a mystery. In its heyday 250-600 years. n. AD, the city's population of 125 -. 200 thousand people, the city area reached 26-28 square kilometers. it was the largest city in the world at that time. Teotihuacan was an important cultural and religious center of the pre-Columbian America, which had a significant impact on many areas of Mesoamerica.

Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan map

The city was deserted in about the 7th century, for unknown reasons. There are several theories as to why this happened. In one assumption it has been suggested that the lower layers of the revolt against the nobility and the city began pogroms and fires. According to another version, the city was attacked by an external enemy, who destroyed the city and the surviving residents scattered around the neighborhood. There is a third version, according to which the cause of death of Teotihuacan is environmental. It is very similar to the hypothesis of the decline of the Maya Empire. Residents uncontrollably cut down and burned forests, lime production, which has led to soil erosion, which has caused a significant reduction in yields, plus it was imposed drought that has exacerbated the situation, leading to starvation. But not a single version has no exact confirmation.
The Aztecs arrived here in the 13th century found the city empty and were amazed by the grandeur of buildings erected and they found that the city was built by the mythical giants. The Aztecs gave the name of the city of Teotihuacan, which is translated from the Aztec means the place where the gods were born, or the city of the gods. A name that gave the creators of the city, the history is unknown.
Today Teotihuacan is one of the main attractions of Mexico and the most visited archaeological sites in the country. Excursions to the ancient city are a must-see destination school programs in Mexico. Many people arrive specially in Mexico, which would see the main attraction of Teotihuacan pyramid of the sun. Especially a lot of tourists come to the spring equinox it is believed that the sun pyramid has divine energy and is particularly strong this energy is manifested in this day. People climb to the top of the pyramid and are turning to the sun with open arms. Many argue that after that they feel unusual tranquility and harmony with the world.

Teotihuacan - a model of the solar system

According to some scientists, the ancient Indian city of Teotihuacan, is a model of the solar system. The road dead, which occupies a central place in the city - it is the Milky Way and pyramids and other structures located along it on both sides, indicate the location of the planets of the solar system and perhaps some iconic stars.

One of the first such assumption is expressed, Stensberg Hagar, a scientist from the University of Brooklyn. Later testing this hypothesis with the help of mathematical methods, the American scientist Harlston Hugues came to the conclusion that the hypothesis Stenberg Hagar as a whole does not contradict the truth and Teotihuacan originally planned and was built as a model of the solar system. According to these scholars of the Dead Road, symbolizing the Milky Way, which is in the mythology of the Indians of Central America, he was identified with the road of the Dead, in which the souls of the dead passed into the next world of shadows. The Indians believed in the fact that the Sun and Moon were born in the city of Teotihuacan gods.

Attractions Teotihuacan

Road of Death
The centerpiece of the Dead Teotihuacan occupies Road, running from south to north and abutting the pyramid of the moon. The road has a length of about three kilometers and 40 meters wide. It is believed that its name a way to get from the Aztecs. Arriving in Teotihuacan Indians saw the pyramids along the road, and they felt that this burial of the rulers of the previous civilization, hence the name.
Pyramid of the Sun
The main attraction is the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan. Many tourists visit Mexico specifically, it would go on the Sun pyramid. The pyramid is the third largest ancient building in the world after the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt Pyramids of Cholula in Mexico. The base of the pyramid of the Sun is equal to the Egyptian (893 meters) and at a height of almost two times lower (64 meters). Sun Pyramid was built around 150 BC. e., and is a five-tier structure on top of which, previously housed a small temple. Pyramid of the Sun is made of cobblestone, earth and clay, lined with stone.
The first large-scale study of the pyramid were made in 1906 on the orders of Leopoldo Batres President Porfirio Diaz, to highlight the cultural richness of the Mexican people in Spanish to its monuments. In 1971, the new research and the tunnel was discovered in the pyramid were made leading to the cave, which is located directly under its center, 6 meters from the ground. It is assumed that the cave was the royal tomb.
Pyramid of the Moon
Pyramid of the Moon is the second largest building in Teotihuacan and has a height of 42 meters, at the top there is a playground, which was used for rituals in honor of Chalchiuhtlicue, water goddess and the moon. Pyramid Located on the northern end of the Dead Road. The pyramid was built between 200 and 450 a year n. e. Under the pyramid itself is another building, which over the Sun Pyramid.
Temple of the Feathered Serpent
In Teotihuacan is the area of the so-called Citadel, which is surrounded by four walls, each 390 meters in length. The central element is Tsitatadeli Temple of the Feathered Serpent, which is the third largest building in Teotihuacan. Feathered Serpent Quetzalcoatl was considered the creator of the world and the god of fertility. The temple was built in the shape of a pyramid, which once adorned the complex patterns of birds heads of snakes, partially preserved on the west side.
Museum
The museum (Museo Teotihuacán), collected many artifacts found during the excavation and study of Teotihuacan. Also in the museum there is a large-scale model of the ancient city.

Teotihuacan how to reach

First you have to get on the subway to the station Autobuses del Norte (Northern Bus Terminal), then we go up to the building bus and find the cash desk, which sells tickets for the bus to the pyramids. This ticket office is to the left of the main entrance and is sandwiched between the sections 7 and 8. The bus may proceed further on this, that would come out in time, it is better to ask the driver or the passengers that they had suggested, when you need to go. During a visit to Teotihuacan should stock up on water and food.

Teotihuacan travel photos

Teotihuacan
Bus stop in Mexico City, from which buses to Teotihuacan.

Teotihuacan
At the entrance to Teotihuacan, there are stalls with souvenirs.

Mexico
In Mexico, very popular souvenirs associated with death - a skull, skeleton figurines, etc.

Mexico
Teotihuacan

Mexico
Teotihuacan - Pyramid of the Sun.

Teotihuacan
Pyramid of the Sun.

Teotihuacan
Pyramid of the Sun.

Teotihuacan
Pyramid of the Sun.

Mexico
We were in Teotihuacan on Sunday and that would get to the top of the pyramid of the sun, it took 1.5 hours because of a large queue.

Teotihuacan
At the top of the pyramid of the Sun has a tip of the metal rod. He is credited with mystical appearance and it is believed that it is related with cosmic energy from the sun and everyone tries to touch him.

Teotihuacan
In fact, everything is much easier. Earlier this place was a plaque, and after she broke down, was this same rod.

Mexico
View from the Pyramid of the Sun.

Mexico
View from the Pyramid of the Sun Pyramid of the Moon and on the road of the Dead.

Mexico

Teotihuacan
Pyramid of the Moon

Teotihuacan
View from the Pyramid of the Sun Pyramid of the Moon and on the road of the Dead.

Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan
Pyramid of the Moon

Teotihuacan
Pyramid of the Moon

Mexico
View from the Pyramid of the Moon Teotihuacan. Right Pyramid of the Sun at the center of the road dead.

Mexico
View from the Pyramid of the Moon to the Sun pyramid.

 
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