His trip to Mexico and Central America, the duration of a month I made with my friend from Peter, Michael Winter, 2014. Price question about 4000 $. Originally planned to visit six countries - Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador.

But in the course of travel, Belize for certain reasons, dropped out. And in the end, a bit simplistically, we went this route.

Mexico

And so what is the interest in this region? First of all, the ancient civilizations of the Maya and Aztecs, and the remaining monuments after them. However, the west is washed by the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea to the east (in this case do not take into account the Gulf of Mexico), thereby providing excellent opportunities for beach holidays and water sports. Also here a huge number of natural attractions - lakes, volcanoes, jungles, etc. At the same time, going on a trip to Mexico and Central American countries, it is necessary to take into account a certain danger in the region. According to some ranking of the most dangerous cities in the world, the four cities of the region is among the ten (Ciudad Juarez - Mexico, San Pedro Sula - Honduras, Guatemala City - Guatemala, San Salvador - El Salvador). I've heard stories of friends about various incidents with tourists, as well as read on the Internet about the robbery of people on this, preparing to travel this factor was taken into account. As a result, it was concluded, in most cases safe in tourist areas and big towns. Most crime is developed in the capitals and major cities.

Mexico

Mexico - the country of the Maya and Aztecs, tequila and sombreros country, here you can swim side by side with the whale sharks, hang out until the morning in the best discos in the world. On the one hand the country is washed by the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean Sea on the other, thus providing an excellent opportunity for a beach, recreation, diving and surfing.
One of the interesting facts I note in Mexico legalized pornography and prostitution, although the city of Tijuana, ranked "only" second place in the ranking of the most debauched city in the world, after Pattaya, where prostitution is prohibited. On the island of Cozumel twice in the course passes porn Olympics. So that Mexico - is a great choice to have a purpose you did not go there.

Mexico Playa del Carmen

The main resort town on the east coast of Mexico, is considered to Cancun. But after studying the information for the beginning, I decided to stay in Playa del Carmen, where I was supposed to meet with Michael. Michael in Mexico had to fly out of Miami, where he stayed for three days. Playa del Carmen, a resort town located on the Caribbean coast. Playa, located about 50 km. from the airport and 60 km. from Cancun, in the middle of the Riviera Maya.

Riviera Maya – This Caribbean coast length of 100 km., from Cancun to Tulum. Playa del Carmen resort is relatively new in Mexico. Tourism here has been developing since the late 80s, when the usual fishing village with a population of 1,500 people joined the ferry to the island of Cozumel.

Riviera Maya map
Mexico

To date, more democratic resort Playa than in Cancun, accommodation prices are much lower. The main tourist street in the city, is 5th Avenue, which is located along the beach. On it there are restaurants, bars, souvenir shops and discos, which are sometimes carried out directly on the beach. In Playa del Carmen, as well as Cancun is the most pretentious disco Riviera Maya Coco Bongo (Soso-Bongo). Read more about Playa del Carmen

The road to the beach at the intersection of 5th AvenuePlaya del Carmen

The architectural composition on the beach in Playa del CarmenPlaya del Carmen

Beach in Playa del Carmen
Mexico

Mexico

Playa del Carmen

Playa del Carmen

A small part of a display of tequila at Walmart supermarket. On average, 1 liter of tequila cost $ 10.
Mexico

Playa del Carmen

Meet Michael in Playa del Carmen, I had, two days after my arrival. This time, I decided to devote the beach, as well as visit some of the sights. At the same time we have with Michael we were always in touch and evading each other as who're doing. In the evening, I received a message from him, he settled in a hostel, in a room he had three neighbors, the Englishman and the Swede American. After becoming acquainted with them, this case they decided to immediately note drank for travel and for Friendship among Peoples. When they met, he decided to make a small tour of the city. He persuaded a taxi driver to take him to the Haitian quarter that either he could not understand what he was going to do and why it is needed. The Haitian quarter of local boys, he was not greeted friendly, we had to flee to save themselves and the camera.
Hostel – hotel in which, in addition to individual rooms, there are common: men's, women's, as well as mixed type. The shower and toilet can be shared and individual. Cost hostels typically lower than in conventional hotels, especially in public rooms when only pay for the bed. But this does not mean that settle in them, only poor students, many people like unfettered and democratic atmosphere in such places. I met tourists who paid for accommodation in a hostel $ 12, but they drank alcohol more expensive $ 100.
Quite a bit of Miami
Miami, a city of contrasts in the city center drive a Bentley and Maybach, and a quarter of homeless people sleeping on the street and public sector employees live in shacks.

Miami

Miami
Miami - in search of the American dream

Miami
In the Latin Quarter turns the Cuban cigar

Miami
Little Haiti

Again, Mexico

The day after my arrival, I have decided on their own to visit two important historical places of the Yucatan peninsula - a city of Tulum and Coba archaeological site.
Koba Before I got on the bus, where he met with the Uruguayan capital girl, Montevideo. She, as well as yourself and I traveled to Mexico. Despite my minimal knowledge of English and Spanish, we had talked nonstop for an hour. Communicate using English and Spanish at the same time, and also used the notebook and pencil. I'm very out of place in a backpack was our chocolate Inspiration, whom I treated it with great pleasure. Reaching Koba, I left, and she went on, waving me goodbye handle through the bus window.

Coba

Coba - ancient Mayan city located 40 km north-west of Tulum. The ceremonial buildings in the city were built about 250-900 years BC. e. In the heyday of the Mayan civilization the city was one of the largest in the Yucatan peninsula, its population was about 50,000 people. Its area is about 50 square meters. km., the city was an important political, cultural and religious center. Koba is a group of monuments, connected maze of footpaths and ancient Mayan roads in the jungle, called "cakbe". Archaeological Zone, located in the jungle, and it is believed that in contrast to Chichen Itza, which many call the tourist too, Koba did not lost the atmosphere of the ancient Indian city. Not far from the town there is a lake, which is rare for Yucatan in which almost no lakes due to limestone soil structure. All the water goes into the ground, forming a cave and senotnye system. In the lake are found crocodiles, as evidenced by signs, for this reason, swimming is prohibited in the lake. Near the lake there is a restaurant, where you can relax and dine.

Pyramid Nohoch Mul (Nohoch Mul), means "Big Mound", but more commonly known as the "Great Pyramid". Height of the pyramid 42 meters, it is the second highest in the Yucatan Peninsula.
Coba

Climb on such a pyramid is not so simple, the steps are narrow and high, and a total of one hundred and twenty. To facilitate the ascent to the pyramid tour, was hanged by a special cable.
Mexico

Mexico

Coba

In the field for ball games and pyramid Nohoch Mul, located Xaibe pyramid, which means the intersection. The name of the pyramid was due to the fact that is located at the intersection of 4 roads Sak baa.
Mexico

Golf ball in this case is not very much. The largest field located at Chichen Itza the rain and had to do a photo from under the canopy of palm leaves.
Coba

How to play the ball of the Maya, Toltecs and Aztecs

игра в мяч майя

How exactly playing ball, and what were the rules is not known, but most historians agree that Saskatoon was as follows.
The game was conducted rubber ball (in some cases states that a human head), which could refer only to the knees, elbows and carved bat. It was necessary to throw the ball in one of the rings, which are the left and right walls, one on each side. The hole diameter of the ring was a little more than the size of the ball. The field was divided in half and each team had to be one in their half of the pitch. The winner is the team that got into the ball ring, but every hit on the ring to count towards penalty point. So how to get into the ring was extremely difficult, Saskatoon could last for hours, and sometimes the result is determined by the number of penalty points, as not one of the teams could not get the ball into the ring. At the end of the game the captain of the winning team cut off the head of the captain of the losing team, and sometimes head to chop off all the losing team. Sometimes, the game had a ritual significance, for that would take a definite decision priests. Koba more

After Coba, as I went by bus to Tulum. On a visit to Tulum I was not very lucky in the first place periodically went, rain, and in the second I arrived in 40 minutes. before the closure of the complex.

Tulum

Tulum - pre-Columbian city of Maya civilization, which served as a port for the city of Coba. The ruins of Tulum are on the 12-meter cliffs on the shores of the Caribbean Sea. Tulum is one of the best preserved Mayan coastal cities and is very popular among tourists. In fact, from Tulum it remained not so many in the main temples of the passage is forbidden, you can only inspect the standing side by side, although at the time the Spanish conquistador Juan de Grijalva likened Tulum in size and grandeur of the Spanish Sevilla. The city has been inhabited since about 70 years after the conquest of the Spanish conquistadors, and then finally abandoned. At the same time the Mayan descendants visited the city before the end of the 20th century, it was for them a kind of "force place" as long as the tourists visiting the ruins it was too much.

However, there is Tulum. Tulum (Tulum Pueblo) - a small town with a population of about 15 thousand people, located 2 km away from the ruins.. The city lives mainly due to tourism, here are located hotels with cafes, bars and travel agencies. Tulum more

 Mexico travel

Entrance to the main temple at Tulum, access is closed.Mexico

The ruins of the Temple of Warriors
Mexico

Arriving at the hotel in the evening, I received a message from Michael, that I would not forget it tomorrow and find that some sleepless night full of stress, he held. So the next day he had to fly to Mexico to meet with me and has the same evening we had a night bus to go to Palenque, he decided to sleep late do not stay. Lay at 23.30, all the neighbors were there and were sleeping, was not only the Swede, who was sleeping right above it. Around midnight there was a Swede, but not alone, but with the girl. The two of them climbed to the second floor directly above the Michael and "tumbling" there half the night, with naked girl down several times and was rising up and down, and he "had" to watch.
The next day I went to meet Michael at the bus station, but not on the same bus from the airport that runs every 30 minutes, it was not. By the time the light of all the delays and the aircraft and buses he was supposed to arrive. I was beginning to worry and went to the hotel to watch on the Internet, with the airplane can what happened. I looked through all the news about the personal aircraft of Miami is not written. Just out of the hotel on the street and then I saw him walking in the shales, in colored shorts and a backpack on his shoulder. It turned out that it after a sleepless night on the bus seasick and he fell asleep, and was awakened by his driver, who was beginning to get out of the bus.
After the joyful greetings with him went to the nearest cafe with tables on the street to celebrate the meeting. Open a bottle of tequila, grayer about an hour, drank gram 200, a snack lime with salt and tacos, remembered past journey through Africa and discussed the upcoming, we talked about the hostel in Miami where he lived). Then we took the bag and went to the bus station. We were to twelve hours a night drive to Santo Domingo de Palenque.

Palenque

Upon arrival in Santo Domingo de Palenque, immediately after checking into the hotel, went to eat at a local cafe and then went to the ancient city of Palenque.

On the street of Santo Domingo de Palenque

Palenque

A visitor to the cafe, he first sat in a huge sombrero, but before he could take a picture it in this way, would be turned colorful picture.Mexico

Palenque – ancient Mayan city, located at an altitude of 3000 meters above sea level. Palenque ruins are considered one of the most important Mayan monuments, and its location in the jungle adds to its mystery and charm. Sometimes you can even hear the expression "Palenque - the pearl of the jungle." Many tourists come here to the most complex to the opening 8 in the morning to catch the moment when the old buildings and the surrounding jungle covered in mist, giving the whole mystical atmosphere. Due to the jungle, passing by the conqueror Hernán Cortés in Mexico, I did not see the city and perhaps because of this, the city has not been destroyed. One of the main features of Palenque, due to its distance from the tourist spots, is that it does not become a place of pilgrimage for tourists, and has kept a mysterious and tranquil atmosphere.
The first inhabitants appeared in 100 BC. e., but the peak of the city flourished in the period 600 to 800 AD. e. In the ancient city there are many buildings which have both social and religious significance: Pyramid (or temple) Inscriptions, Palace, Temple of the Sun, Temple of the Count, the Temple of Skulls, Temple of the Cross, Temple blossoming cross, a golf ball. All of them were built under the patronage of the rulers of Palenque. The most outstanding ruler Pacal considered, who ascended the throne at age 12, after Zack Cook his mother's death. Pacal announced Zack Cook parent of three Mayan gods, thus giving the status of the monarch the Son of God. Pakal's reign lasted from 615 AD. e. and was completed in 683 AD. e. After his death, Pacal was buried in a stone sarcophagus under the pyramid, which is often called the Temple of the Inscriptions. Pakal sarcophagus was opened only in 1952, Mexican archaeologist Alberto Ruso. ruler's body was adorned with jade ornaments, and as was the jade mask on his face. In the history of Palenque, it was ruled by 12 kings, who served as rulers, priests, and commanders. But the most significant trace left Pacal and his children in the city's history. Residents for unknown reasons left the Palenque at the end of the IX century.

 

 The circuit arrangement in the sarcophagus of Pakal Temple of Inscriptions

Mexico

 

At the same time, Palenque is considered perhaps the most enigmatic Mayan city. At the present time the excavations are completed only a little more than 30 of the 500 identified facilities. Cause base controversy and the foundation of Indian buildings. Stones, which are made of a base, subjected to processing tools, which the Maya were not theoretically. According to one version, these stones were left from the previous civilizations unknown or have been made by aliens from outer space, and the Mayans only then began to build them their own facilities, which do not have such characteristics as a base. For more than 6 decades of tense debate on the plate that covered the sarcophagus of Pakal. Who is depicted on it, he Pacal, and may an alien from outer space? In 1968 he published a book of Erich von Däniken "Chariots of the Gods?". In his book, the author argues that the image on the plate "is a replica of" astronaut sitting at a control panel spaceship, keep one foot on the pedal and staring at the instruments placed in front of him. From the tail of the ship is visible exhaust emissions. Later, some scholars have refuted this theory, citing various reasons.
To date, closed to visit the most famous building in the Palenque Temple of Inscriptions. According to official figures, for the greater safety of the temple, and on the approval, again some scientists temple is closed due to the fact that there is something that not everyone needs to see. In 1981, the Mexican government gave the Palenque National Park status, and in 1987 he was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

 The lid closes the sarcophagus of Pacal

Крышка закрывающий саркофаг Пакаля

In the background is the palace and the observatory towerPalenque

Temple of the Inscriptions most famous and tallest building in Palenque. Its height is 23 meters, are 69 steep steps to the top.
Mexico

Palenque

Mexico

Mexico

Mexico

After a visit to Palenque, we returned to the hotel to rest, as planned for the evening stroll through the city to Santo Domingo de Palenque.
Santo Domingo de Palenque
Santo Domingo de Palenque - a small provincial town, with its rhythm of life. If not for the ancient Palenque, it is likely that the Santo Domingo de Palenque was deaf to the Mexican province. I was a city made a good impression. The main thing you like this place is a central area, where the evenings are going to residents of all ages. On the collapse of trade is trade in food, clothes and souvenirs. On the dance floor and a band plays dancing people. It reminded me of Russian discos 70th's, only with Mexican flair.

 Palenque

The orchestra in the central square
Palenque

Palenque more

The next stop of our trip was Guatemala.

We continue to travel to Mexico

In Mexico City, capital of Mexico, we flew from Guatemala's capital, Guatemala City.

Mexico City

Mexico City - the capital of Mexico, cultural, industrial and economic center of the country. One of the largest and most densely populated cities in the world, and for a long time was considered the most densely populated. In Mexico City, home to about 9 million. People, and together with the suburbs more than 20 million. Mexico City is situated at an altitude of 2234 meters above sea level in the earthquake-prone location, so earthquakes are not uncommon.
The city was founded by the Aztecs in 1325 on an island of Lake Texcoco and was called Tenochtitlan. The Aztecs built a huge city, whose population reached according to various estimates ranging from 200 to 500 thousand. Man and apparently at that time it was the largest city in the world. City crossed a lot of dams and canals, which cruised canoe transporting various loads. Tenochtitlan made an indelible impression on the Spanish conquerors who visited him, they even called the city of Venice of the Aztecs. The city was almost completely destroyed in 1521 by Hernan Cartes and then rebuilt according to Spanish standards. In 1585, Tenochtitlan was called La Ciudad de México (Mexico City).
Today, Mexico City is a city of contrasts, there next to skyscrapers adjoin the ancient monuments, the rows with the theaters and palaces, squalid areas of life-threatening. At the same time, Mexico is an open air museum and you need more than one day, what would inspect at least some of its attractions.
Mexico City is a city where life pulsates and pours over the edge, as if you do not react to this teeming anthill, he will not leave you indifferent, it is worth it just sink.

 Mexico

In Mexico City, we arrived in the afternoon, our hotel is located in the historic center of the city. In my opinion, this is the optimal location for a tourist, as many nearby attractions and also you can find hotels at a reasonable price.

Mexico welcomed us a demonstration, we did not understand for what reason, simply went to look for my hotelMexico

After checking into the hotel, went to the nearest store bought half a liter of tequila that Mexico would have to drink to. Almost opposite our hotel is located cafe in it and we decided to have dinner at the tequila. The cafe was very small, tables five, seven, but with live music, and we sat down at the closest table to the scene. We sat at this table were eating Mexican food, drank tequila and listened to Mexican music. I'm in such moments, particularly acute feel unity with the country in which you are.

Mexico

After dinner, we went out into the street and began to reflect on how we continue to spend an evening. After some discussion decided to go to the hotel to rest, because tomorrow was coming busy day, it was necessary to explore Mexico City. But we gathered to go as we were approached by a guy. He introduced himself as the owner of the cafe and asked where we are. After several minutes of conversation, he said he wanted to entertain us and brought a bottle of whiskey. Ten minutes later came his friend and joined us, then there was another bottle of whiskey. All this activity took place in the street next to the cafe. In the process, somehow we were joined by a couple, man and woman from Greece. They traveled to Mexico on their own and met while traveling, and then decided to continue the journey together. After a few bottles of whiskey, we had thought, but if we want to breed for loot. We asked our new friend, as we have, for the drinks. He said that everything is for free, it treats. Then I asked, not whether we want to try Mexican moonshine. Moonshine taste turned out so-so, although strong. After such a bounty of local children, we also decided not to stand aside and bought a few packs of beer. With beer we moved to the cafe and found that there was even a karaoke! We have found in the internet Mikha song from the movie "The generals sand pits" and on the Mexican street sounded songs in Russian, even in a drunken performance).

Mexico city

Mexico

Mexico city

The hotel came in the third hour of the night, well, what else at some point realized that we should call it a day, because tomorrow still need to explore the city. Arriving at the room, I was horrified to realize how much I'm drunk. Micah immediately clothes flopped on the bed and I could not even lie down in my head all spun upside down. Just after the half-hour shower, I went to bed. Morning got up at all or what. At 2 pm, through I can not crawled out of the hotel, we no it does not want to lose a day, because after tomorrow we had a flight to Cancun. On the way the first one was a small market, to our surprise, on it, among other things sold fried grasshoppers.

Mexico

Mexico

Mexico city

Mexico

Следующим пунктом был Монумент Революции, напротив которого располагается фонтан. Местные жители с удовольствием купаются в нём. Mexico

Mexico

We also decided to put himself in a sense using fountainMexico

Mexico

Mexico

After a shake-up and a cold shower, we really felt better and the world has watched with other eyes. A small area in front of the Monument of the Revolution, is a favorite meeting place and recreation Mexico City residents.Mexico

Mexico

Mexico

Mexico

Sculptures at the Monument of the Revolution
Mexico

On the monument there is an observation platform, which can be reached, pre-bought ticket. Mexico City view from the observation platform of the Monument of the Revolution
Mexico

In Mexico, many different sculptures and monuments, that's an option, one of them.Mexico

Problems with snack will not be in Mexico City, you can easily eat Mexican food, tacos and burritos, here at such a collapse.Mexico

Mexico

And if you take into account the cafes and restaurants, then the best option will be the Chinese institutions and for the price, plus to this, they do not fit the bill tip, unlike the others. When we were in Zocalo Square, a place that is considered a must for tourists, we wanted to dine at a Chinese restaurant near the square. Dine in it we could not, because it was a line of about 50 people, despite the fact that all the neighboring cafes and restaurants were filled at 70%.

This Mexican subway there as the museum exhibited historical artifacts.Mexico

Zocalo Square (El Zócalo) Mexico City Cathedral. At the time of your visit to the area itself was closed.Mexico

Cathedral of Mexico City
Mexico

National Palace in the Zocalo Square
Mexico

The organ-grinder, for some reason does not like the camera, all the time turning awayMexico

Near the square Zocalo many souvenir vendors, entertainers, and even sorcerers IndiansMexico

For a nominal fee passed purify the Indian witchMexico

Mexico

In the evening in the center of Mexico City, near the Fine Arts Palace, going to a lot of people, this contributes to a lot of actors and musicians, who arrange different views.

 Mexico travel

Mexico travel

Palacio de Bellas Artes, or Fine Arts Palace, and in the background Torre LatinoamericanaMexico

Torre Latinoamericana
Mexico

Palace of Fine Arts, is saying goodbye to the writer Gabriel Garcia MarquezMexico

Near Palacio de Bellas Artes, is here an interesting spider
Mexico

Near the Palace of Fine Arts, creative young people, playing theater scenesMexico

The same theater scene, but has a humorousMexico

Mexico

Mexico

Monument to Beethoven, in my opinion, questionable composition.
Mexico

The photo is not very visible, but it napёrstochniki that caused me no great nostalgia).Mexico

Mexico

Colonnade dedicated to Benito Juarez - fighter for independence from SpainMexico

The evening held a dinner at a Mexican restaurant, but completely without alcohol. The next day we had to visit Teotihuacan, one of the most important historical sites in Mexico.

Many cafes and restaurants Mexico, there are musicians who for a fee will sing songs on request, about your table.
Mexico

Mexico City more

Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan - (Teotihuacan) (AST Teōtīhuacān -. A city where men become gods) - the ancient Indian city located at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level, about 50 km. north-east of Mexico City, in the municipality of San Juan Teotihuacan. Age of Teotihuacan, has about 2000 years, the city of origin is still a mystery. In its heyday 250-600 years. n. AD, the city's population of 125 -. 200 thousand people, the city area reached 26-28 square kilometers. it was the largest city in the world at that time. Teotihuacan was an important cultural and religious center of the pre-Columbian America, which had a significant impact on many areas of Mesoamerica. The city was deserted in about the 7th century, for unknown reasons. There are several theories as to why this happened. In one assumption it has been suggested that the lower layers of the revolt against the nobility and the city began pogroms and fires. According to another version, the city was attacked by an external enemy, who destroyed the city and the surviving residents scattered around the neighborhood. There is a third version, according to which the cause of death of Teotihuacan is environmental. It is very similar to the hypothesis of the decline of the Maya Empire. Residents uncontrollably cut down and burned forests, lime production, which has led to soil erosion, which has caused a significant reduction in yields, plus it was imposed drought that has exacerbated the situation, leading to starvation. But not a single version has no exact confirmation.

The Aztecs arrived here in the 13th century found the city empty and were amazed by the grandeur of buildings erected and they found that the city was built by the mythical giants. The Aztecs gave the name of the city of Teotihuacan, which is translated from the Aztec means the place where the gods were born, or the city of the gods. A name that gave the creators of the city, the history is unknown.

Today Teotihuacan is one of the main attractions of Mexico and the most visited archaeological sites in the country. Excursions to the ancient city are a must-see destination school programs in Mexico. Many people arrive specially in Mexico, which would see the main attraction of Teotihuacan pyramid of the sun. Especially a lot of tourists come to the spring equinox it is believed that the sun pyramid has divine energy and is particularly strong this energy is manifested in this day. People climb to the top of the pyramid and are turning to the sun with open arms. Many argue that after that they feel unusual tranquility and harmony with the world.

According to some scientists, the ancient Indian city of Teotihuacan, is a model of the solar system. The road dead, which occupies a central place in the city - it is the Milky Way and pyramids and other structures located along it on both sides, indicate the location of the planets of the solar system and perhaps some iconic stars.

One of the first such assumption is expressed, Stensberg Hagar, a scientist from the University of Brooklyn. Later testing this hypothesis with the help of mathematical methods, the American scientist Harlston Hugues came to the conclusion that the hypothesis Stenberg Hagar as a whole does not contradict the truth and Teotihuacan originally planned and was built as a model of the solar system. According to these scholars of the Dead Road, symbolizing the Milky Way, which is in the mythology of the Indians of Central America, he was identified with the road of the Dead, in which the souls of the dead passed into the next world of shadows. The Indians believed in the fact that the Sun and Moon were born in the city of Teotihuacan gods.

Pyramid of the Sun. The pyramid is the third largest ancient building in the world after the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt Pyramids of Cholula in Mexico. The base of the pyramid of the Sun is equal to the Egyptian (893 meters) and at a height of almost two times lower (64 meters). Sun Pyramid was built around 150 BC. e., and is a five-tier structure on top of which, previously housed a small temple.

Teotihuacan

At the top of the pyramid of the Sun has a tip of the metal rod. He is credited with mystical appearance and it is believed that it is related with cosmic energy from the sun and everyone tries to touch him. In fact, everything is much easier. Earlier this place was a plaque, and after she broke down, was this same rod.Mexico

The centerpiece of the Dead Teotihuacan occupies Road, running from south to north and abutting the pyramid of the moon. The road has a length of about three kilometers and 40 meters wide. It is believed that its name a way to get from the Aztecs. Arriving in Teotihuacan Indians saw the pyramids along the road, and they felt that this burial of the rulers of the previous civilization, hence the name.

View from the Pyramid of the Sun Pyramid of the Moon and on the road of the Dead.Teotihuacan

Pyramid of the Moon. Pyramid of the Moon is the second largest building in Teotihuacan and has a height of 42 meters, at the top there is a playground, which was used for rituals in honor of Chalchiuhtlicue, water goddess and the moon. Pyramid Located on the northern end of the Dead Road. The pyramid was built between 200 and 450 a year n. e. Under the pyramid itself is another building, which over the Sun Pyramid.Teotihuacan

Pyramid of the Moon
Teotihuacan

View from the Pyramid of the Moon Pyramid of the SunTeotihuacan

View from the Pyramid of the Moon Teotihuacan. Right Pyramid of the Sun at the center of the road dead.Mexico

 Teotihuacan more

On a visit to Teotihuacan, we ended our stay in Mexico City. The next day we flew to Cancun. Last night in Mexico City, for some reason, both slept poorly. We fell asleep in the third hour of the night, can Teotihuacan, had such an impact). I for certain reasons it was necessary to go further in Playa, and Michael immediately went to Cancun. He had to move into a hotel and say so to scout the situation in the district.
I booked a trip to Playa Chiche Itza. I usually go out on their own attractions, but in this case, the tour came out even a little cheaper, plus it even includes a visit to the city of Valladolid and Cenote Ik Kil.
The next morning, about seven o'clock, I was going on a trip, watch from Michael receives a message, the following message.

"I told him the content of the previous night. Just arrived at the hotel in a police car. Was Coco Bongo club ne ... first, you should definitely visit! But eventually I came when I began to wake the taxi driver that I paid. Climb into the pockets of no Mexican pesos, about $ 150. and iPhone. I only remember how the club tusil, talked with many, and the meeting appointed ..... everything !!! "

After such news ofigevshy I went on the tour.
The first item in the tour was a visit to the small town of Valladolid.

Valladolid Mexico

Valladolid - a small Mexican town, built in the colonial style. The population of the town of about 50,000 people. In Valladolid attractions not much, it's two cathedrals, so that there is to do in the long run especially nothing. But many tourists stop in the city because of its proximity to area attractions. Not far from Valladolid to Chichen Itza and Ek Balam, at the same time near the city there are several cenotes, and to some of them can be easily reached by bicycle, they are a few kilometers away. In addition, Valladolid is not far from the Yucatan state capital of Merida and can serve as an intermediate point along the way in this city. On top of some tourists Valladolid attracted by its special atmosphere, which contributes to low, colorful buildings in the city and the unhurried way of life of local residents. Walking through Valladolid, sometimes there is a feeling that you are in theatrical scenery, and if you walk a couple of blocks, you find yourself on the edge of the stage, in front of a hall filled with spectators.

 Tasting Tequila, after which the given 40 minutes time to explore the city.Valladolid

Cathedral of San Gervasio in the center of Valladolid. Perhaps the most remarkable building in the city.Valladolid

Mexico

Mexico

Valladolid

Valladolid

Valladolid

In Mexico, a special relationship to death and this is reflected in including these mannequins. Just a lot of different gifts associated with death, skulls, statues, etc.
Valladolid

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Next on the tour was the plan of Cenote Ik Kil.

Cenote Ik Kil

Cenote is a karst formation - lakes, wells, and sometimes the whole cave complex with underground rivers and temporary access to the sea. Yucatan Peninsula, entirely built of limestone. As a result of a long erosion of limestone by groundwater formed Cenote.
Cenote Ik Kil, is best known in the Yucatan. Cenote depth of about 42 meters, the distance from the surface of the water to the ground about 25 meters, a diameter of 61 meters. To date, the cenote is a whole tourist complex with shops, cafes, cottages for housing. There were competitions in jumping from a height organized by «Red Bull». Here come the organized groups of tourists. At the same time, any historical or natural place to some extent loses its individuality with increasing tourist syrup, the same thing with the Cenote Ik Kil. Today Ikil cenote most popular among tourists. What would catch the cenote without the crowds of tourists, it is necessary to visit early in the morning.

 Mexico

Cenote Ik Kil

Mexico

Cenote Ik Kil

Cenote Ik Kil

Cenote Ik Kil

Mexico

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After the cenote we were taken into the restaurant, the meal is already included in the price. Power to the level it was shown plus a small incendiary show.
The restaurant itself is in some small provincial town and the locals are waiting for the tourists about this restaurant that would sell them souvenirs.

 Here is a photo of one of the local resident

Mexico

The culmination and highlight of the program was the world-famous Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza - the ancient center of the Mayan-Toltec civilization, which absorbed the knowledge and understanding of the peoples of the universe and about the world. In the language of the local tribes, "Chichen Itza" means "mouth of the well plemne Itza" or "Mouth of the well of water sorcerers". Chichen Itza is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the pyramid El Castillo is located (Kukulcan), declared one of the new seven wonders of the world. Chichen Itza - the most famous and at the same time, the most well-preserved ancient city of Yucatan. In Mexico, the legendary city is the second tourist attendance among ancient attractions. He estimated devote more than a million people annually. Most large influx of tourists is celebrated twice a year, during the spring (March 21-22) and the autumnal equinox (September 21-22). These days there is a play of light and shadow, when during the sunset shadow from the corner of stepped terraces of the pyramid El Castillo, creates the illusion of a snake crawling. These days at Chichen Itza is going to so many people, that is unlikely to be able to see the good play of light and shadow. A week before and week after these dates, the effect of light and shade remains substantially the same.

However, in recent years, due to the huge attendance of Chichen Itza many say that that ancient city, turned into such a tourist and commercialized center, during his visit is not possible to experience the magic of the ancient culture of the crowds of tourists and sellers souvenirs in the territory of the complex. The most famous in the world Chichen Itza received in 2012, when, according to the Mayan calendar on December 21 had come to an end of the world. A huge number of people from different countries flocked to Mexico in Chichen Itza to meet a great moment. Some television carried live coverage from the event. The cost of one night in some hotels are not far from the archaeological complex of several thousand dollars. What would catch Chichen Itza without the crowds of tourists, it is better to come to the opening of the complex at 8 am when the tour groups had not yet arrived.

The public ownership of land, which is located on Chichen Itza passed March 30, 2010. This day ended with a deal after talks Governor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco and landowner Hans Jurgen Thies Barbachano, buying plots of land area of 83 hectares, which is an ancient city, for $ 17.8 million. It was reported that the landowner himself insisted on the sale that would preserve the heritage of Yucatan.

Fully reliably describe the history of Chichen Itza is not possible, since the policy of the Spanish conquerors included the destruction of manuscripts and killing Maya priests. It is believed that people have mastered it in the 4th century, and in the 7th century began to build the first buildings appeared and the urban community. From 7th to 10th century Mayans live here. In the 10th century it captured the Toltecs, who did not destroy the city, and have absorbed part of his culture in itself. It was during the reign of Toltec Chichen Itza became the most powerful city in the Yucatan Peninsula. In the mid-11 th century Chichen Itza became the capital of the Toltec state. In 1178 the town was captured by the army associate three city-states - Mayapan, Uxmal and Itsmalya which led Hunak Keel.Posle 1194 polnustyu city deserted for unknown reasons and was overgrown with jungle.

The newly discovered world mysterious city archaeologists in 1920. Ancient buildings cleared and reconstructed, the archaeological complex has begun to attract tourists.

Near the entrance to the complex are the descendants of the Maya and Aztecs, dressed in the likeness of his ancestors. For a fee you can take pictures with them.Chichen Itza  

The main attraction of Chichen Itza, El Costil pyramid, it is also called El Castillo, as built in honor of Kukulkan, the god of wind and rain in the form of a feathered serpent with a human head. Architecture 24-meter pyramid, full of symbolism connected with cosmology and the calendar of the ancient Indians. Leading to the top of the stairs and four have a central platform for 91 steps each, for a total of 364. This is the number of days in a year. On each side of the pyramid 18 terraces (9 steps each side), which is equal to the number of months in the Mayan calendar. The Mayan calendar consists of two cycles: 365 day and 260 day shiupoualli tonalpohualli. These two cycles coincide every 52 years. On each of the four sides of the pyramid are 52 stone bas-relief. Who represents the coincidence of these cycles every 52 years.
Chichen Itza

Mexico

Chichen Itza

Mexico

Mexico

Home golf ball at Chichen Itza (Juego de Pelota), all in the city of nine. It is the largest and best preserved area for ball games throughout Mesoamerica
Mexico

Chichen Itza

Observatory El Caracol. From the observatory Indians watched the celestial objects, calculated the spring and autumn equinox day, the summer solstice, and it is likely that it is here created their own predictions.
Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza very touristic place and be photographed against the background of the pyramid El Castillo, without tourists, is very problematic. And even at the time of the closure I was not able to do it.
Chichen Itza

Archaeological Site of Chichen Itza today is very commercialized. On its territory as well as near many souvenir sellers, ponchos, sombreros etc.
Chichen Itza

Many sellers operating in the Chichen Itza come to work with their kids.Chichen Itza

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The last point of the final trip was to be the city of Cancun, where I was to meet again with Michael. The last few days in Cancun, we have devoted exclusively to rest, namely the beach and visit entertainment venues.

Cancun

Cancun resort town located on the Caribbean coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. Cancun is among the ten best resorts in the world. Conventionally, the city can be divided into two parts: residential and resort which is home to the bulk of the city's population. The resort area is located between the Nichupte Lagoon and the Caribbean Sea. Its length is about 25 km away. on the entire length of which is an entertainment and shopping centers, clubs, restaurants, hotels and yacht clubs. The living area also has hotels and entertainment venues, only to a lesser concentration, and a lower price category.
Until the second half of the 1960s on the site of Cancun was just a small fishing village, and grew up around the jungle. But in 1967 a group of Mexican analysts, decided to implement the Cancun project as an alternative to Acapulco, with the ambition to surpass the other Mexican resort on the Pacific coast. The project is officially approved in 1969 and began to implement in January 1970. The first hotel opened in 1974, together with the international airport.

Today Cancun, a popular resort in the western hemisphere, which takes about 4 million people a year. Tourists are attracted here white beaches, clear turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea, close to the monuments of ancient Indian civilizations, as well as a variety of entertainment and nightlife.

We stayed at this hotel by coincidence was located in the neighborhood gay club)Mexico

Kukulcan Boulevard - the main street in CancunCancun

Kukulcan Boulevard runs along the entire coast of the city, located on it entertainment centers, shopping districts, nightclubs and restaurants. From the coast are the most expensive hotels in Cancun.
Cancun

Cancun

Boulevard Kukulcan evening
Cancun

Mexico

Cancun

Cancun

Cancun

Mexico

Cancun

Cancun

Coco Bongo is probably the most pathetic and advertised the club Cancun. With its advertisements faced at the airport. Tickets from $ 70 for standing room and 100 seats with a table. Tickets can be purchased at the box office of the club, as well as from distributors. We are one of them managed to reach an agreement for $ 63, provided that we do not in any way say to his colleagues that he had bought for the same amount. The ticket price includes drinks: alcohol and cola.

 Mexico

About every 20-30 minutes in the Coco Bongo arranged representationCoco Bongo

Coco Bongo

Coco Bongo

The girls in the club are very fond of dancing on the bar, as in this case.Coco Bongo

Coco Bongo

One of the nails discos, is that here's this guy, from the bar where only that the dancing girls, begins to pour from a bottle of tequila all right in the open mouths.
Coco Bongo

Coco Bongo

Cancun more

At the end of my story I want to give advice on travel to Mexico.
Flight
With self-tour, you will have to buy a ticket, which cost an average of $ 1,300. Direct scheduled flights from Russia to Mexico is not. I was able to buy a ticket with a transfer in Paris for less than $ 1,200. You can buy a ticket for less, but with a change in the US, and this requires a US visa, even if you do not leave the airport building. In the fall of Transaero beginning to take direct charter flights to Cancun, in 2013 the price of the flight was about 30 thousand rubles, but strictly on a certain date and the number of days.
Accommodation
In Playa del Carmen for $ 30-40, you can live in a normal hotel or hostel is a 5-minute walk from the beach.
For the same amount in Cancun you can live in the hotel in 15-20 minutes by bus from the beach. Buses run every 5-10 minutes, the fare is about half a dollar.
Food
The best option when food economy approach will be Chinese cafe where lunch (1 and 2 dish) will cost an average of 5-7 dollars. Plus certain Chinese institutions, is the fact that there is not "require" the tip, unlike Mexico, where the tip starts at 10% of the order value. I think that 15-20 dollars a day on food will be enough, without considering visiting expensive restaurants. If you dwell in the hostel, which is a refrigerator, microwave and gas stove, then one can be purchased at the supermarket and, accordingly, the power cost even cheaper.
A bottle of beer about 1 dollar
Tequila, Rum, Whiskey 1 liter of approximately $ 10
Entertainment
Entrance to the clubs, where in the ticket price already included alcohol about $ 50. The cost of a bottle of beer in bars and clubs about 5 dollars, 30 grams of tequila or whiskey is also about 5 dollars, a very expensive brandy.
Go either alone or take a tour
Provided that you are eating for a short time, such as 10 days, and even if it is not in season, it is likely to buy a tour in Mexico will be even more profitable than to go alone. In September 2013, I have seen offers from tour agencies 10 days in Cancun for $ 1300-1400. That is almost the cost of the ticket, plus here still includes accommodation and transfers from the hotel and the hotel. But I want to note that give universal advice here can not be, it is necessary to watch a particular situation at a particular time.

 
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